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How Pollen Allergies Affect the Eyes

How Pollen Allergies Affect the Eyes
Pollen allergies, also known as hay fever or seasonal allergies, are a common condition
that affects millions of people around the world. When someone with a pollen allergy
inhales pollen, their immune system mistakenly identifies it as a harmful substance and
attacks it. This reaction releases histamine and other chemicals into the bloodstream,
which can cause a variety of symptoms, including:
● Itchy eyes
● Red eyes
● Watery eyes
● Puffy eyelids
● Swollen eyelids
● Runny nose
● Congested nose
● Sneezing
● Coughing
● Fatigue
How Pollen Allergies Affect the Eyes
The eyes are particularly susceptible to pollen allergies because they are constantly
exposed to the air. When pollen comes into contact with the eyes, it can cause the
conjunctiva, the clear membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the whites of the
eyes, to become inflamed. This inflammation is known as allergic conjunctivitis, and it is
the most common type of eye allergy.
Symptoms of Allergic Conjunctivitis
The symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis can range from mild to severe. Common
symptoms include:
● Itchy eyes
● Red eyes
● Watery eyes
● Puffy eyelids
● Swollen eyelids
● Light sensitivity

● Blurred vision
Treatment for Allergic Conjunctivitis
There are a number of treatments available for allergic conjunctivitis. These include:
● Over-the-counter antihistamines, such as loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine
● Prescription eye drops, such as cromolyn sodium (Optimase) and loteprednol
etabonate (Lotemax)
● Cold compresses
● Artificial tears
Preventing Pollen Allergies
There is no cure for pollen allergies, but there are a number of things you can do to
reduce your symptoms and prevent them from developing in the first place. These
● Avoiding exposure to pollen, such as staying indoors when pollen counts are
● Wearing a mask when you are outdoors
● Washing your hands frequently
● Keeping your windows closed
● Changing your clothes when you come indoors
● Showering at night
● Using a dehumidifier
● Getting regular allergy shots
If you are experiencing symptoms of pollen allergies, it is important to see an eye doctor
to get a diagnosis and treatment plan. With proper treatment, you can manage your
symptoms and prevent them from affecting your quality of life.

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